Alcohol is a known carcinogen for humans, increasing the risk of oral, pharyngeal, laryngeal, oesophageal, liver, colorectal and (female) breast cancers.1-3 There is also evidence that the risk of developing these cancers increases with higher levels of alcohol consumption (i.e. there is a dose-response relationship).4, 5 Notably, even small amounts of alcohol can increase cancer risk. In addition, the joint effect of alcohol consumption and behavioural risk factors such as smoking and poor dietary practices further increases risk of cancers. 1, 3, 6
22 Nov, 2017
Apparent alcohol consumption peaked in Australia in 1974-75 at annual per capita consumption of 13.1 litres. In 2015-16, apparent annual per capita consumption was about 25% lower than in 1974-75 (9.7 litres).
A steady decrease in apparent alcohol consumption was observed from 2006-07 (10.8 litres per capita) to 2014-15 (9.5 litres). In 2015-16, annual consumption increased to 9.7 litres.
Australia’s annual alcohol consumption was fourth-highest (at 9.7 litres per capita) among 18 selected developed countries.