In 2014-15, the average daily vegetable intake of adult Australians aged 18 years and over was 2.4 serves. Average daily vegetable intake was slightly higher among females (2.5 serves) than among males (2.3 serves).
Average daily vegetable intake for Australians aged 18 years and over generally increased with age. Among females, daily intake increased from the age group of 18-24 years to the age group of 45-54 years before plateauing. Among males, average vegetable intake was similar by age group from 18-24 to 55-64 years, but higher for the age groups 65-74 and 75-84 years.
Meeting the dietary guidelines
In 2014-15, 7.0% of Australians aged 18 years and over met the dietary guideline for vegetables intake. The proportion of females meeting this guideline (10.2%) was higher than for males (3.8%). The average daily intake was higher for females than males in most age groups under 75 years. Similarly, a higher proportion of females than males generally met the dietary guideline in the age range under 75 years.
Remoteness and socioeconomic disadvantage
In 2014-15, no clear or consistent differences were observed by remoteness in proportions of persons meeting the dietary guideline for vegetables intake, although a tendency was suggested for more females in more remote than less remote areas to meet these guidelines. Notably the proportion of females meeting this guideline was higher than for males across remoteness categories.
More females than males tended to meet the guideline, irrespective of socioeconomic status, with the indication of more females meeting this guideline in the higher than lower socioeconomic status areas.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples
In 2012-13, 4.9% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people met the dietary guideline for vegetable intake, and proportions were lower among males (2.8%) than among females (7.0%). Proportions were lower among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in non-remote (5.4%) than remote areas (3.4%).
Proportions not meeting the dietary guidelines
Age-standardised data, which accounted for differences in age structure between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations are available for proportions of persons not meeting the dietary guideline for daily vegetable intake. A similar proportion of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians did not meet the dietary guideline for vegetables intake (Indigenous, 94.5%; non-Indigenous, 93.2%).
Comparable international data are not available on level of daily vegetable intake. Although the OECD reported in 2015 that Australian males and females aged 15 years and over had the second-highest proportions reporting daily vegetable consumption among 29 nations of the OECD,6 caution is advised when interpreting these findings due to differences in survey methodologies.