In 2017-18, only 7.5% of Australians aged 18 years and over met the dietary guideline for vegetable intake. The proportion of females meeting this guideline (10.9%) was more than double the proportion for males (4.1%). The proportion meeting the dietary guidelines was higher for females than males in most age groups under 75 years, with these proportions generally observed to increase with increasing age.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples
In 2018-19, 4.2% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 18 years or over met the dietary guideline [KC1] for vegetable intake. The proportions were lower among males (1.7%) than among females (6.3%).
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were less likely to meet the dietary guideline for vegetable intake compared to the broader Australian community (4.5% compared to 7.3%).
Remoteness and socioeconomic status (SES)
In 2017-18, proportions of persons meeting the dietary guideline for vegetable intake were highest in Inner and Outer regional areas (9.5% and 9.1% respectively) and lowest in Major Cities (6.9%) and remote areas (6.9%). Across all regions, the number of females meeting these guidelines was at least double that of males.
Higher proportions of females than males met the guideline across all SES areas, For both males and females, the proportions meeting this guideline increased with higher socioeconomic status areas.
International comparison (15 years and over)
Comparable international data are not available on level of daily vegetable intake. The Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries reported in 2017 that Australian males and females aged 15 years and over had the highest proportions reporting daily vegetable consumption among 35 nations of the OECD.7 However, caution is advised when interpreting these findings due to differences in survey methodologies.